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Kurulum Hakkında SSS
Q0: Bir seri bağlantı noktasına bir konsol kullanarak yükleyebilir miyim?
Q1: CD-R veya CD-RW sürücüm yoksa ISO9660 görüntüsünden nasıl yükleyebilirim (veya "Sadece indirdiğim bu görüntüyü yakmanın imkansız."
Q2: Kurulum / pkgtool / installpkg hangi dosyaları koyduğunu nasıl öğrenebilirim?
Q3: Bir (PS / 1 || Valuepoint || Thinkpad) sahibiyim ve yükleyemiyorum çünkü fdisk Benim sabit diskimi göremiyorum
Q4: Bölümlerimi "Linux yerli" olarak ayarladım, ancak Slackware hâlâ algılayamayacak Onları!
Q5: İyi yükleyebildim, ancak yüklü sistem önyükleme yapmıyor!
Q6: NFS kurulumunun kurulum menüsü çalışmazsa, nasıl kurulum yapabilirim? Kurulumu başlatmadan önce el ile ağ kurun?
Q7: IBM Thinkpad, rootdisk'i bir ramdisk'e doğru şekilde yüklemeyecektir, bu yüzden Linux yükleyemezsiniz.
Q8: Kurulum diskindeki root parolası nedir?
Q: Bir seri bağlantı noktasına bir konsol kullanarak yükleyebilir miyim?

Evet. Slackware'e dahil önyükleme disklerinin çoğunda, Sistem konsolunu bir seri porta koymak. Bunu yapmak için, Console = ttyS0 veya console = ttyS1 (bu örnekler COM1 için olurdu: ve COM2 :) önyükleme önyükleme isteminde ekstra parametreler olarak.

Örneğin, bir seri konsol kullanarak yüklemek için bir önyükleme diski Örneğin, bare.i ve önyükleme isteminde durmasını bekleyin. Sonra gir Bu çekirdeği konsol olarak COM1 kullanarak önyüklemek için:

ramdisk console=ttyS0

Q: CD-R veya CD-RW sürücüm yoksa (veya "indirdiğim bu resmi nasıl yazacağımı bilmiyorum") ISO9660 görüntüsünden nasıl kurabilirim?

With loopback of course! You can mount the ISO9660 image on the kernel loopback device from another filesystem.

For example, say you download the ISO9660 image under Windows. Boot the Slackware boot and root disks for your system. Assuming your Windows partition is /dev/hda1 and you downloaded the ISO9660 image to C:, issue these commands:

mkdir -p /dos
mount -t vfat /dev/hda1 /dos
cd /dos
mknod /dev/loop0 b 7 0
mkdir /INSTALL
mount -o loop /dos/install.iso /INSTALL

Daha sonra Slackware kurulum programında, önceden kurulmuş bir dizinden kurulum yapmasını ve / INSTALL / slakware'i geçmesini söyleyebilirsiniz. Brülörünüz ile geçerli bir CD oluşturamazsanız, bu hüner de kullanılabilir.

İyi eğlenceler!

Q: Kurulum / pkgtool / installpkg hangi dosyaları koyduğunu nasıl öğrenebilirim?

/ Var / adm / paketlerinde gezinin.
Benzer şekilde, her paket için kurulum komut dosyalarını şu adreste bulabilirsiniz: / Var / adm / komut dosyaları.

Q: Bir (PS / 1 || Valuepoint || Thinkpad) sahibiyim ve yükleyemiyorum çünkü fdisk Benim sabit diskimi göremiyorum Bununla nasıl baş edebilirim?

Sürücü parametrelerini önyükleme ekranı komutuna girmeniz gerekecek. Sen Ikinci bir IDE sürücünüz için geometriyi bile Ikinci hd = parametre birinciden hemen sonra.

Önyükleme diskini açtığınızda, önyükleme diski hakkında daha fazla bilgi görürsünüz. LILO isteminde sürücü parametrelerini çekirdeğe geçirmek için kullanılan format Ve sürücünüzün tanınmasına izin verin.

Benzer bir hd = flag eklemek için lilo.conf dosyanızı düzenlemeniz gerekir; LILO'nun çalışmasını istiyorum. Bunu dosyadaki TOP satırı ekleyin:

append="hd=cyl,hds,secs"

Where "cyl", "hds", and "secs" are the number of cylinders, sectors, and heads on the drive.

If you have two IDE drives, specify both drives (like this):

append="hd=967,13,31 hd=944,14,40"

Q: I set my partitions to "Linux native" but Slackware still won't detect them! What can I do?

This problem is rare and I still don't know what causes it.

[ Note that this is not the same problem that usually affects the IBM PS/1, Thinkpad, and similar machines that do not detect the harddrive. If you've got one of these machines, and fdisk is giving you problems, your answer is still ahead :^) ]

Here's a workaround you can use to install anyway:

  1. Start text.gz using one of the bootdisks.
  2. Make and format partitions for Linux.
  3. Mount the target partitions under /mnt.
  4. Type "setup -target_mounted"
  5. Follow the rest of the instructions to install.
  6. Type "vi /mnt/etc/fstab" and enter an appropriate fstab. As an example, here's what mine contains:

    /dev/hdb2 swap swap defaults /dev/hda2 / ext2 defaults /dev/hda3 /usr xiafs defaults /dev/hda1 /dos msdos defaults /dev/hdb1 /os2 msdos defaults none /proc proc defaults

    To give you some more info about this file, the first field is the partition to be mounted, the second is where it should be mounted, the third is the filesystem type, and the last field is the options to use. Unless you're a Linux wizard, just set this to "defaults".

    Other things to remember about this file:


    - Make sure that you list the root partition before any other partitions that are mounted beneath it.
    - Add the /proc line, or "ps", "w", etc, won't work.
    - It's a good idea to put a blank line at the end of the file, as I've had reports that partitions listed on the last line might not be mounted.

  7. Once you've made and saved this file you can reboot with ctrl-alt-delete.
Q: I was able to install fine, but the installed system won't boot!

Slackware uses stripped down kernels to do the actual installation -- in other words, the kernels don't have any more drivers than needed to control only the device needed to complete the installation. If you don't install the bootdisk kernel, it's possible to install with (for example) the bare.i IDE bootdisk, but install the SCSI kernel from the A series onto your hard drive. Since this kernel is has many SCSI drivers built-in, this can lead to hangs at boot time if the kernel misidentifies a piece of hardware that's unusual or at a non-standard port/IRQ.

When this happens, you need to try a different kernel. First, use the bootdisk that worked during installation to get your system started. To do this, boot the disk and enter something like this at the LILO prompt:

mount root=/dev/sda2

(if /dev/sda2 is your root Linux partition, otherwise use the appropriate device name for your system)

Once you've got the system running, install or compile a different kernel. Try to include only the device drivers you need for your hardware.

Instructions on compiling the kernel can be found in your kernel source directory (if you installed the kernel source, that is). The kernel source is usually found in /usr/src/linux.

Briefly, this is the method for building a new kernel:

cd /usr/src/linux
make config (then answer the questions about what you need) make dep ; make clean ; make zImage

If the zImage is successfully built, see an answer below which explains how to install it with LILO or Loadlin, or make a new bootdisk from it. Once you've done that, you might want to clean up /usr/src/linux by cd'ing into it and doing another 'make clean'.

Good luck! If you can handle this, you're well on your way to becoming a Linux guru.

Q: If the setup menus for NFS installation don't work, how can I setup the network manually before starting setup?

Once your Linux machine is listed in the hosts /etc/exports (if the whole network is not already), you might need to do these things before running setup. This is usually only needed if the NFS server is on a different subnet than your Linux machine:


# Setup the loopback device:
ifconfig lo 127.0.0.1
route add -net 127.0.0.0
# Setup the network:
ifconfig eth0 1.2.3.4 # 1.2.3.4 is the ip number of my machine.
route add -net 1.2.3.0
route add default gw 1.2.3.1 # in this example, the ip address of our NFS
# server is 1.2.31.4 and belongs to a different
# network.

Q: My IBM Thinkpad won't load the rootdisk into a ramdisk correctly, so I can't install Linux. What can I do?

The disk-changed sensor on some older Thinkpads works a little differently. This can be worked around -- just specify "floppy=thinkpad" when booting:

boot: ramdisk floppy=thinkpad

... on the bootdisk's LILO prompt.

Q: What's the password for root on the install disk?

There isn't one. If you're asked for one, it usually means that you don't have enough memory to install.

To help work around this, look in your CMOS settings and make sure you don't have any ROM shadowing enabled. ROM shadowing wastes memory and won't improve the performance of Linux. Also, make sure you're using the smallest bootdisk you can. For example, you don't need to use "scsinet" if you're not installing to a SCSI drive via NFS. Use something small -- the "bare" disk if you can get away with it. Some people mistakenly think they need to use a bootdisk with network drivers if they plan to use networking after installation. Not so! The drivers on the bootdisk have no impact on what you can use *after* installation -- in almost all cases you won't be running the same kernel on your installed system as you used to install it.

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